Spirit of the Living God
5/14 – You Know Him (John 14:16-18; 25-26; 16:5-15)
Introduction — Here John gives focus to Jesus’ words to His disciples about the Holy Spirit. Jesus shows the importance of the Holy Spirit. He relates the person and the power of the Holy Spirit. Jesus tells the necessity of the Holy Spirit to the world and to the disciples. The Holy Spirit convicts the world of sin and righteousness and judgment. Jesus states that the Spirit is the Spirit of truth who speaks the words of God. The Holy Spirit testifies to Christ. He glorifies Christ. The Holy Spirit guides the disciples of Christ to testify to Christ, glorifying Him in all things. Jesus says the disciples know the Spirit who is with them and will dwell within them. Then, sorrow filled their hearts. Soon, the Holy Spirit would fill their lives. Jesus did not leave His disciples as orphans. He promised the Holy Spirit would dwell within them. He would be with them, and they would know Him. How about us? Do we know the Holy Spirit? Do we listen to Him? Do we speak words that honor Christ? Do we testify about Christ? Do we glorify Christ in all things? Do we heed the Spirit? Do we follow Him? Do we cherish Him? Do we know Him?
Sorrow—the crushing realities of life’s greatest pains—may fill your heart, but there is One who is greater than all your sorrow. He is the Holy Spirit. He is the Helper. He is the Spirit of truth. He is our guide. He is our teacher. He points us to Christ. He honors Christ. He is here with us. He lives within us. You know Him.
I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever; that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you. ~ John 14:16-17
You know He is the Helper.
5 “But now I am going to Him who sent Me; and none of you asks Me, ‘Where are You going?’ 6 But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. 7 But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.
Comment: The disciples cannot see the weight of Jesus’ hour. Sorrow fills their hearts and clouds their vision. They seem to be only thinking of themselves now. No one asks Jesus where He is going. They cannot see the cross and beyond. Still, Jesus teaches them. He continues to invest in them, pouring His love into them. Jesus tells the disciples that it’s expedient for Him to go away so that He may send the Helper to them. When Jesus sends the Holy Spirit to His followers, the Holy Spirit will indwell them. The Holy Spirit will protect them. The Holy Spirit will counsel them. The Holy Spirit will come alongside them. The Holy Spirit will help them. And they will know Him. Question: What earthly sorrow fills your heart today? Application: Confess your need to God. Cry out to Him. Unburden your heart to the One who can help.
You know He speaks only the truth.
8 And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me; 11 and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged. 12 “I have many more things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. 13 But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.
Comment: In giving insight about this passage, James Emery White states, “Jesus outlined the convicting work of the Holy Spirit, all related to the work and person of Christ. First, the Holy Spirit will convict the world in the area of sin that results from disbelief in Jesus (16:9). Second, the Holy Spirit will convict the world in the area of righteousness in light of the life of Jesus (16:10). Third, the Holy Spirit will convict the world in the area of judgment because Jesus defeated the prince of the world who now stands condemned (16:11). Only through the Holy Spirit can an individual be brought to repentance leading to faith. It is not good works that elevate our status before God but the cross-work of Christ. The Holy Spirit enables the follower of Christ to live out the Christ life.” And the Spirit of truth speaks only the truth. So, in all matters He speaks what is valid and right and necessary. He speaks truth. Question: Do you listen to the Spirit of truth or the Father of lies? Who has your ear? Who has your attention? Who is your guide? Application: Listen to the voice of truth. Listen to the Spirit of truth. Hear Him. Heed Him.
You know He points to Jesus.
14 He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you. 15 All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose it to you.
Comment: As John MacArthur observes, “To be Spirit-filled is to be Christ-centered.” Indeed, Jesus plainly tells the disciples the Holy Spirit will glorify Him. To honor Christ is a primary work of the Holy Spirit. He makes much of Jesus. He directs people to Jesus. He honors Jesus. He proclaims all truth about Jesus. He testifies about Jesus. He empowers people to know Jesus. He awakens people to life in Jesus. He guides people to proclaim, “Jesus is Lord.” Through the grace of God, you know the Holy Spirit. And you know He points to Jesus. He glorifies Jesus. Question: Do you proclaim Jesus is Lord? Do you testify to Jesus? Do you point others to Jesus? Do you make much of Jesus? Do you immerse yourself in the gospel of Jesus? Application: Testify to the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Proclaim the gospel of Jesus. Speak often of Jesus. Marvel that by the grace of God, you know God—Father, Son, and Spirit.
Word Study for John 14:16-18; 25-26; 16:5-15
16 ask (erotao—ask; implore; urge; request; inquire; ask for)
16 Helper (parakletos—intercessor; advocate; counselor; mediator; comforter)
17 Spirit (pneuma—wind; breath; breath of life; air)
17 truth (aletheia—truth; rightly; certainly; authentic; genuine)
17 cannot (ou—not + dynami—able; power)
17 receive (lambano—take hold of; acquire; select)
25 abiding (meno—remain; dwell; stay; tarry; wait)
26 send (pempo—send word; cause to experience; begin to harvest; dispatch)
26 teach (didasko—instruct; communicate skills; provide instruction)
6 sorrow (lype—regret; sadness; pain; distress; be overcome with grief)
6 filled (pleroo—make full; be filled; make complete; overflow)
7 advantage (symphero—gather together; profitable; collect; be advantageous)
8 convict (elencho—reprove; reproach; rebuke; refute; show one’s fault, convincing of that fault)
8 sin (hamartia—failure; being evil; guilt; wrong; missing the mark)
8 righteousness (dikaiosyne—justice; be put right with; conforming to law)
8 judgment (krisis—legal decision; authority to judge)
13 guide (hodegeo—lead; guide in learning; to teach)
14 glorify (doxazo—honor; praise; speak words of glory; magnify)
15 disclose (anangello—announce; report; recount; declare; inform; proclaim)
Application for John 14:16-18; 25-26; 16:5-15
Let’s praise the Father for sending the Spirit of truth.
Let’s marvel that the Spirit dwells within us believers in Christ.
Let’s know that we are not alone.
Let’s listen to the Spirit.
Let’s learn from the Spirit.
Let’s testify to the work of God in our lives.
Let’s glorify Christ.
Gospel Connections for John 14:16-18; 25-26; 16:5-15
Christ’s work glorifies the Father. The Spirit’s work glorifies Christ. Apart from the work of God’s Spirit, people will remain in their sin. The Spirit convicts the world of sin and righteousness and judgment. The Spirit shows our need for God. The Spirit directs our hearts to God. The Spirit affirms Christ, His life, His death, His resurrection. The Spirit gives life. The Spirit speaks truth. The Spirit testifies to Christ. The Spirit glorifies Christ. The Spirit leads those who receive Christ by faith. The Spirit guides them into all truth. The Spirit teaches them. The Spirit directs them to testify about Christ. The Spirit proclaims to all believes what they should proclaim to the world. The Spirit dwells within believers. Those who know and follow Christ know and follow the Spirit.
Thoughts and Quotes for John 14:16-18; 25-26; 16:5-15
I can calculate the motion of heavenly bodies but not the madness of people. ~ Isaac Newton
Beware you be not swallowed up in books! An ounce of love is worth a pound of knowledge. ~ John Wesley
We are always falling in love or quarreling, looking for jobs or fearing to lose them, getting ill and recovering, following public affairs. If we let ourselves, we shall always be waiting for some distraction or other to end before we can really get down to our work. The only people who achieve much are those who want knowledge so badly that they seek it while the conditions are still unfavorable. Favorable conditions never come. ~ C.S. Lewis, The Weight of Glory
Worry does not empty tomorrow of its sorrow, it empties today of its strength. ~ Corrie ten Boom
Commentary for John 16:5-15
With persecution (John 16:1–15). At times the world’s antagonism has led to persecution, oppression, and death of those who follow Jesus. This would soon be the experience of the 11. Jesus warned, “They will put you out of the synagogue; in fact, a time is coming when anyone who kills you will think he is offering a service to God.”
How are we to understand and to respond to persecution—often in small things, but sometimes the ultimate that Christ described, being killed because we love Jesus? Jesus helped us understand by speaking of the advantage to us of His return to the Father. By going away, Jesus made it possible for the Father to send the Holy Spirit to us. When the Spirit came, He would take the witness of the Christian under persecution and use it to prove the world wrong (or, convince, convict) about sin, about righteousness, and about judgment. The world will see the truth in Christians, and though the world as a whole will not respond with faith, individuals will believe.
The Holy Spirit will open our hearts and minds to understand the ways and the truth of God. He will make clear to us what Jesus has said in the written Word. He will give us the wisdom we need to apply that Word on a daily basis and to live in responsive obedience to our Lord.
A little earlier I noted two wrong reactions of Christians to the world. We can see more clearly now why they are wrong. If we adopt the values and lifestyle of the world, if we conform to the world system, God is left without a witness to truth and life and grace. But if we withdraw and cut ourselves off from the world’s people in order to develop separated communities, God is also left without a witness. Only by living in the world—by being involved daily with the men and women around us, by being involved in the issues of our own times and society—can we show the contrast between human ways and God’s ways.
The natural response to persecution, to antagonism, to pressure, is to withdraw or to conform. But you and I, like Jesus, are to live under pressure. We are to open ourselves to hurt. We are to resist protecting ourselves and, instead, to expose ourselves, for God yearns to reveal His glory in our lives. As we learn to love each other, we will have the strength to become involved in the world and to find joy in our suffering, even as Jesus found joy in His. We will begin to love all men, even as Jesus loved us and gave Himself for us.
~ Lawrence O. Richards
Jesus chided His disciples for their concern over their own situation upon His departure rather than concern over where Jesus was going to be (16:5). Again turning to His discussion of the Holy Spirit, Jesus made clear that His departure was worthwhile if only to allow for the coming of the Counselor whom Jesus Himself would send (16:7).
In a carefully detailed statement, Jesus outlined the convicting work of the Holy Spirit, all related to the work and person of Christ. First, the Holy Spirit will convict the world in the area of sin that results from disbelief in Jesus (16:9). Second, the Holy Spirit will convict the world in the area of righteousness in light of the life of Jesus (16:10). Third, the Holy Spirit will convict the world in the area of judgment because Jesus defeated the prince of the world who now stands condemned (16:11). Only through the Holy Spirit can an individual be brought to repentance leading to faith. It is not good works that elevate our status before God but the cross-work of Christ. The Holy Spirit enables the follower of Christ to live out the Christ life.
The Spirit of Truth will guide the disciples into all truth (16:13). His purpose will be to reveal Christ (16:14). The mark of the work of the Holy Spirit, then, is whether Christ is made central and glorified.
~ James Emery White